Eli Ginzberg's Theory of Vocational Choice
Eli Ginzberg in 1951 studied the theories of vocations and concluded that the occupational choice is a process.
He has divided the process of vocation choice into 3 stages. These stages or levels are as follows:
- Fantasy stage
- Tentative choice stage
- Realistic choice
He has said that the vocational development process starts right from the child's birth and it goes on life-long.
The study of vocational development is possible only from the child's age of 7 years. The period of fantasy is the child's age of 11 years.
Tentative Choice Stage:
The age of tentative choices ranges from 11 to 17 years.
According to Ginzberg, the tentative choices stage can also be divided into 3 sub-stages. These sub-stages are:
- Interest Stage
- Capacity Stage
- Value Stage
At this stage, the child develops its interests. Therefore, it is also known as the interest stage.
After the development of interest stage, the child starts paying attention towards his capacities.
After the capacity stage, the child studies his values and analysis. Hence, it is known as value stage.
The age above 17 is known as the age of realistic choice. He has divided this stage into 3 sub-stages. These sub-stages are:
- Exploration Stage
- Crystalisation Stage
- Specification Stage
At this stage, the child explores various vocations as first of all. Therefore it is known as Exploration stage.
This is the second stage where the child decides about his likings, i.e., at this stage the child, after exploring various vocations, decides in which path he is to move.
This is the last stage where the child adopts the specific group of occupation. Therefore, this age is known as the specification stage.
Thus, Eli Ginzberg has stated in his theory that the vocational choice is a process that undergoes the above said 3 stages-Fantasy, Tentative and Realistic stage.
Other theories of Vocational Guidance
- Super's Theory of Vocational Choice
- Holland's Theory of Psychology of Vocational Guidance
- Robert Havighurst's Theory of Vocational Choice
Also read the other related articles on interviews, group discussions, stress management, team working, time management and such other related topics and theories and use the tools in my home page by clicking here